2021 is just two months away, and the experts have begun talking about the software development trends that will stay on top. Companies across industries unanimously believe that cutting-edge technology will determine the winners of corporate battles. They have immense faith in programmers’ capabilities and skills and see them as harbingers of growth and success.
The following are seven software development trends that will soar high in 2021.
1. Native app development has a bright future.
Native apps are those software programs that are meant to work on specific machines. They are mostly built for smartphones. And since the web app and mobile app market is captured by two main competitors — Android and iOS — native apps are also built for these two platforms only. App development companies have made quick bucks in the previous years and will continue doing so in 2021.
2. Apache Spark will rule the data analysis space.
In previous years, Hadoop Map-Reduce was the preferred software for carrying out the computation of large-scale datasets. But over the years, Apache Spark has taken over. It builds over the limitations of Hadoop Map-Reduce by processing data in the memory instead of storing it after each operation. Also, it has brought down the cost and increased performance significantly.
3. NodeJS, Angular 2+, ReactJS will remain the most sought after frameworks.
NodeJS, Angular 2+, and React have been the three most powerful frameworks over the years. Experts believe that the trend will continue in 2021 too.
- NodeJS is the ace of fast and scalable network operations.
- Angular 2+ is the go-to framework for building user interfaces.
- ReactJS enables developers to write less code and provides enhanced performance by implementing virtual DM.
4. Kotlin, Java, and Scala will rule the roost in 2021
Java will be 30 years old in 2021, and there is no stopping it. The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) provides a solid bedrock for Java and allied programming languages like Scala and Kotlin. However, there is a catch. Oracle, which owns Java, has changed the license for JVM. It means that companies that use Kotlin, Java, and Scala will have to shell out huge bucks.
5. Rust programming language will emerge as the undisputed king in 2021
Rust is becoming the center of attraction for global IT giants like Microsoft and Intel. It’s also garnering the attention of social media behemoths like Facebook. Although Rust is in its development stages and has to walk miles before it achieves the cult status of languages like Java, it’s gaining massive traction from multiple industries. Rust is much more than being just a compiler or a set of libraries. The list of companies that have declared that they will adopt Rust in 2021 is proliferating. Rust was born as a hobby language but has gained a high status over the years.
6. Distributed SQL will top the charts in databases
Companies globally acknowledge that they cannot run without databases. And SQL tops the charts. Experts chant in one voice that SQL will remain unparalleled in 2021 and for the subsequent years. It’s because SQL offers durable ACID transactional guarantees that are necessary for running several business applications.
It’s critical to mention over here that companies are searching for software that provides a unique combination of horizontal scaling of a NoSQL database and the ACID guarantee of a SQL database. Google’s Spanner and Amazon’s Aurora are two solutions that fulfill this requirement.
It will be interesting to see the mighty battle of databases unfold in 2021. But one thing is sure that the company that wins will get loads of clients and fill its coffers.
7. Cloud technology will become ubiquitous
Current trends reveal that businesses of all sizes — small, medium, and large — are using cloud technology in one way or another. Statistics show that companies across industries — hospitality, retail, IT, healthcare, aviation, tourism, banks, intelligence agencies — are adopting cloud technologies rapidly. Experts believe that the trend will only grow in 2021 and forward.
Moreover, Cloud vendors like Google, Amazon, and Microsoft encourage companies to sign for their cloud systems by giving free credits. For example, Google offers up to $300 worth of credit for companies to gain hands-on experience for a year.
The software industry is one of the most competitive industries in the world. In previous decades, we have seen the rise and fall of global IT giants, and the same will continue in the upcoming years. Software development trends will change. Old programming languages will lose their sheen, and new ones will take over. Software programs have revolutionized every industry and have also made the competition fiercer. Companies will have to invest and design new technologies to gain the upper hand in the coming days. And those that sit idly will have to shut down their business.
Nishant likes to read and write on technologies that form the bedrock of the modern-day and age like Web Apps, machine learning, data science, AI, and robotics. His expertise in content marketing has helped grow countless business opportunities. Nishant works for Sage Software Solutions Pvt. Ltd., a leading provider of CRM and ERP System to small and mid-sized businesses in India.